What happens inside the matter during the change of state?

What happens inside the matter during the change of state?

Photo of author

During a change of state, the internal structure and behaviour of particles within matter undergo significant alterations. Here’s a detailed explanation of what happens inside matter during each change of …

During a change of state, the internal structure and behaviour of particles within matter undergo significant alterations. Here’s a detailed explanation of what happens inside matter during each change of state:

Certainly! Here’s the information presented in a more simplified and student-friendly language:

Change of StateWhat Happens with Temperature?What Happens to the Particles?What Happens Between Particles?What Actually Happens?
Melting (Solid to Liquid)Temperature goes upParticles start moving faster and vibrating moreThe forces holding particles in place weakenThe solid starts to melt into a liquid
Freezing (Liquid to Solid)temperature goes downParticles start moving slower and become more orderlyThe forces between particles become strongerThe liquid turns into a solid
Evaporation (Liquid to Gas)Temperature goes upSome particles near the surface get really speedy and break freeThe forces holding the liquid together weaken, especially at the surfaceThe liquid turns into a gas
Condensation (Gas to Liquid)temperature goes downGas particles slow down and start to clump togetherThe forces between gas particles pull them together into clustersThe gas changes into a liquid as it condenses
Sublimation (Solid to Gas)temperature goes upSolid particles get so much energy that they skip the liquid phase and jump into the airSolid particles turn directly into gas without becoming liquidThe solid changes into a gas
Deposition (Gas to Solid)temperature goes downGas particles slow down and stick togetherThe forces between gas particles become strong enough to pull them together into a solid structureThe gas changes into a solid

Related Topic: Changes In State Of Matter


Here’s a simplified version of what happens inside matter during changes of state, explained in human language:

What happens inside the matter during the change of state? on Physics Level:

Change of StateDescription
Solid to LiquidWhen something solid gets heated up, it starts shaking more and eventually turns into a liquid. Think of ice melting into water when it’s warm.
Liquid to GasIf you heat up a liquid, it starts moving around faster and turns into a gas. Just like water boiling and turning into steam when you heat it.
Gas to LiquidWhen a gas cools down, its particles slow down and come closer together, forming a liquid. Imagine steam from a hot shower turning back into water droplets when it touches a cool surface.
Liquid to SolidIf you cool down a liquid, its particles slow down even more and get closer together until they form a solid. This is like water freezing into ice in the freezer.

What happens inside the matter during the change of state? on Chemistry Level:

Change of StateDescription
MeltingWhen a solid substance is heated, it starts to melt and become liquid. Picture chocolate melting in your hand on a warm day.
FreezingCooling down a liquid makes it lose its fluidity and turn into a solid. It’s like water turning into ice cubes in the freezer.
EvaporationLiquid turning into a gas happens when the liquid gets warm enough and its particles escape into the air. It’s similar to water evaporating from a puddle on a sunny day.
CondensationGas turning back into a liquid occurs when it cools down and its particles slow down enough to stick together. Think of steam from boiling water turning back into water droplets on a cold window.
SublimationSome solids can turn directly into a gas without becoming liquid first. Dry ice is a good example – it goes straight from solid to gas without melting.
DepositionGas can also turn directly into a solid without becoming a liquid first. Frost forming on a cold surface is a common example of this.

What happens inside the matter during the change of state? on a biological level:

Change of StateDescription
Solid to LiquidIn living organisms, changes in temperature can affect the consistency of things inside cells, like fats or proteins, making them more liquid-like.
Liquid to GasIn biology, liquids turning into gases happen during processes like breathing, where liquid water in our bodies evaporates into the air we exhale.
Gas to LiquidCondensation, or gas turning into liquid, can happen inside our bodies when warm air meets cooler surfaces, like when we breathe out on a cold day.
Liquid to SolidFreezing of liquids can happen in biological systems, like when water freezes inside cells or on the surface of tissues, affecting their structure and function.


Leave a Comment

Unlock the world of education and exploration with Vidyapedia, your ultimate resource hub catering to students from Class 6 to 12 and beyond. Whether you're delving into the realms of academia or diving deep into the captivating world of engineering, robotics, and projects, Vidyapedia is your trusted companion on this enlightening journey.

Get In Touch

Email: Coming Soon

Phone: Coming Soon

Subscribe

Please enable JavaScript in your browser to complete this form.

Advertisement. 5

× Close